Fine Wools Aubusson Annie Bouquet

Exlusive palette of colors
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Ranges of Pure Wools Aubusson from the Annie Bouquet's palette
$ DayRate  the skein of 10 grammes (around 122.5 yards).
 Minimum of five skeins by order
Ref.# RGB Ref.# RGB Ref.# RGB Ref.# RGB
6122a  8516a  9003a  8334a 
6123a  7000a  9004a  9331a 
6124a  8612a  9005a  8396a 
6125a  9503a  9006a  8121a 
5000a  7001a  9401a  8130a 
5001a  7002a  9402a  8131a 
5002a  7003a  9403a  K010a 
5003a  7004a  9811a  K011a 
5004a  7005a  9423a  K012a 
5005a  9204a  9405a  K013a 
5006a  9205a  9406a  2000a 
5007a  8714a  9505a  2001a 
K000a  8319a  9326a  2002a 
K001a  1000a  9305a  2003a 
K002a  1001a  8370a  2004a 
3169a  1002a  9812a  2005a 
3170a  1003a  9120a  2006a 
3171a  1004a  9121a  L000a 
4001a  9468a  9122a  L001a 
4002a  8726a  9123a  L002a 
9220a  6004a  9124a  9203a 
9221a  6005a  9125a  9928a 
9219a  6006a  9126a  9929a 
4003a  6001a  8423a  9996a 
4004a  6002a  9127a  9997a 
4005a  6003a  9128a  9998a 
8099a  9000a  9129a  9999a 
ecrua  9001a  9130a   
J000a  9002a  N000a   
Skein of 10 grammes. Minimum of five skeins by order submit
Aubusson & Feletin wools threads for an always vivide Tapisserie de France
Click here to see the Médicis colours ranges from DMC ®
The sheep is one the first animals to to have been domesticated by the man. One finds its more ancient trace in Iraq (8 000 BC). Testimonies and texts engraved in the stone or on tablets of clay, vestiges found during archaeological excavations suggest that wools and goats or camel hair have without doubt been the first fibers worked. This hypothesis was reinforced by researches led in Mesopotamia, to the middle east and in central Asia. Stems containing bast fibers, as the linen, the hemp or the jute, are known since Antiquity.
The wool is the fiber that it is the most formerly used for the realization of tapestries. Five centuries before Jesus-Christ Homer already transformed it into a fleece of gold    and did Penelope working with.
The sheep was the "official" animal of the rural life and also a major element of the ancient economy. Its wool fed a powerful industry. The work of the wool   has to Aubusson   stayed an artisanal activity, exerted on a small scale by qualified artisans,     the spinners   and dyers  , regrouped in family enterprises.
From the brute matter , told wool in suint, to its final use on your Tapestry  , the wool bear many and precious transformations.
The wool is a supportably matter that can be dyed esealy. It preserves its freshness colors through the time. This is why Tapestries   , no matter that they came from Flanders, Aubusson  , Felletin, Beauvais, Gobelins or be done by "Petit Point  have always used the wool as main raw material.
Qualities of the wool allow its classification, by fineness, by style, some are well white others yellower, or more brittle, there are finer wools and others coarser; with each one do not do the same thing. More the wool is fine, more one will obtain threads. The wool used to Aubusson is a wool of Merino. It is a wool twisted or wavy, sometimes curled, sweet, elastic, fine. A lot less length than others, approximately eight centimeters, but far more dense and whose one makes fine threads. Very fine wools are understood between 15 and 18 microns, fine wools between 18 and 23 microns, coarse wools between 23 and 40 microns. The wool used to Aubusson    is a fine wool  .
The washing of the wool.The water in the process of elaboration of yours needlepoint wools is of course a capital element. The power of the water has long been energy used to actuate all wheel sorts. Flour mills, textiles manufactures, have been therefore all naturally implanted to brooks and rivers banks. The strong slopes where flow rivers throwing in Creuse river   itself have favored to Aubusson  , Felletin   and around, many implantations of manufactures and different textiles activities. In the "Aubussonaise" area the hydraulic force "Auget wheel" was still until years 1950 energy providing.
To wash the wool, it is necessary first to do an "ouvraison", (opening step); the wool across in a machine with large teeth that "opens it", ventilates it and put down heaviest impurities. Then one soaks the wool in a hot and soapy water vat so as to dissolve the grease and impurities while some vegetable wastes remain hung to fibers. A lamination between two rolls, then a rinsing to the running Creuse's water  , which reputes particularly pure   , end this step. Before the drying, one wrings the wool. After washing, the wool loses half of its weight (hundred kilograms brute wool gives approximately fifty kilograms washed wool).
Geting out pigmentation. This process consists in pulling out natural colored pigments of the fiber so as to obtain from the dark matter such that the gray, brown, black, then practically white nuances without attacking the fiber and without the loss of the "touch", what is very important with specialized fibers as those destined for the Tapestry   and Aubusson   like or others Needlepoint  .
Carding   The wool look now in the padding aspect. To disentangle fibers, the wool is carded by passing in the great bristled pins rolls increasingly thin to obtain a flat mattress of wool. One can make this operation manually with the help of small brush to card.
The combing step   It is the aristocracy of the wool's work ! This operation serves to arrange in parallel order the totality of fibers, to eliminate all short fibers ("blousses") and the vegetable matter remaining. The wool is now ready to be spun.
To Spin  The Spining is one of the oldest form of the human civilization. During millennia, on all the world (and again today in some countries) one has used the spindle. In "Creuse  " area and in central region of the French country ("Massif Central  ") in general, one finds many spindle tools in dated archaeological excavations of the Neolithic (-2500 BC.) (Orgnac and Soyons museums). One finds some similar equally on Egyptian frescoes in dated excavations of the Roma period or even medieval.
The Dyeing. This were Phoenicians that spread in Europe the different dyes used in the Middle East. Pline the Ancient (23 to 79 after J.C.), speaks at length of colors in its "Historia Naturalis". As the centuries go by, Orient to Indias by passing by Florence and Americas, many dyes will be then discovered (sorrel, cochineal, pastel, indigo, lapis lazuli, etc.).
The natural wool   can have the tones whites, cream, gray until the deep brown according to sheep's races. To obtain vivides colors, it is necessary therefore to dye the wool. Formerly, one soaked it in dyes based on plants or from coloring of natural origin (animal and mineral) which are no longer used today except in some particular cases (mainly Art   and Craftsmanship   ). For some creations, Tapisserie de France   " & Annie Bouquet    use again services of some artisans that know and preserve secrets of the vegetable dye. This is truly only on special order that will be realized for you these colors because costs are clearly expensive...
Today the chemical colouring replaces increasingly the colouring from natural origin; They have the advantage of the resistance to the light and the almost unlimited range of all imaginable colors. Annie Bouquet have choose for its cardboards and for you an inimitable palette   !
It is in "Creuse", to Felletin   and to Aubusson  , for an always brisk "Tapestry de France", that artisans fashions. . . . these wonderful colored wool threads.
Needlepoint-Tapestry and Seat Cover History
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